Dr. Abderrahim Benslimane
University of Avignon, France
Monitoring Internet of Things: challenges and optimizations for Trust and Security
The emergence of the Internet of Things (IoT) is introducing more and more services and applications such as smart cities. IoT networks tend to experience unexpected communication problems during deployment, because resource-constrained embedded devices are unreliable by nature for a variety of reasons, such as uncertain radio connectivity and battery drain. Despite the fact that IoT networks are dynamic and vulnerable, the offered services need the continuous availability of defined network components.
The availability of devices, the reliability of communication, the Quality of Service (QoS), and security are all essential for the utilization of the IoT. Over time, the state of devices and the overall network may depreciate. This is due to the challenging and failure-prone nature of the IoT; consisting of a huge number of heterogeneous and resource-constrained things in terms of memory, communication, energy and computational capabilities. Furthermore, energy constraints impose hard duty cycles to maximise longevity, which in turn causes unreliable connectivity.
To ensure robustness in wireless networks, monitoring the network state, performance and functioning of the nodes and links is crucial, especially for critical applications. Safety-critical applications, such as a distributed fire- or burglar-alarm system, require that all sensor nodes are up and functional.
To that end, monitoring techniques for detecting, localizing and recovering network failures in IoT should be significantly developed.
There are several tools and methods to monitor fixed networks and even wireless sensor networks. However, there is a lack of solutions for the Internet of Things with its complexity and heterogeneity. Monitoring can be passive or active including using network tomography for beacon placements and probes optimization.
In this talk, we will introduce all the concept above. So, we will first introduce the Internet of Things, its challenges and the monitoring concept. We will present the Research motivations and objectives for the monitoring. After presenting the stat-of-the-art research on monitoring, we will present our theoretical solutions for monitoring IoT.
We target the optimization of IoT network monitoring for fault tolerance, security and quality of service purposes.
Dr. Magdy A. Bayoumi
University of Louisiana, Lafayette
Towards Secured IoT Systems
Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the fastest-growing technologies across all aspects of our life. It has been projected that billions of devices will surround us and fundamentally alter the way we interact with our physical environment in countless applications such as healthcare, home automation, energy conservation, security, wearable computing, asset tracking, maintenance of public infrastructure, etc. IoT security however, remains to be the biggest concern and the biggest obstacle facing IoT application growth. While earlier research reports estimated that between 20 to 50 billion devices will be installed by 2020, security issues may hinder such expectation.
A research report by HP has shown that more than 70% of connected devices have significant security problems including personal information leaks, unencrypted connection use and lack of secure passwords. Another IoT security assessment effort was performed by Kaspersky lab and found vulnerabilities in critical applications such as SCADA (Supervisory control and data acquisition) systems and traffic controllers. More recently, IoT security weakness have been showing in news headlines when privacy issues have been identified in wearable fitness trackers and medical heart implants were recalled cybersecurity concerns. It is becoming clearer that IoT security is indeed the most important challenge hindering the IoT growth. In this talk, an introduction to security issues/problems of the IoT is given. Security challenges at IoT layers are outlined. IoT security frameworks are discussed. A new framework that can categorize the devices and technologies of the IoT according their security threats and security requirements is highlighted. Several case studies are discussed.
Dr. Latif Ladid
Founder & President, IPv6 FORUM
IPv6-based Internet of Things enabling innovative Things to Things (T2T)
The IPv6 Deployment worldwide is becoming a reality now with some countries achieving more than 50 % user penetration, with Belgium (58%) at the top ranking and reaching double digits v6 coverage on Google IPv6 stats. Many Autonomous Networks (ASN) reach more than 50% with v6 preferred or v6 capable penetration: (http://labs.apnic.net/ipv6-measurement/Economies/US/ ).
Over 500 Million users are accessing Internet over IPv6 and probably not even knowing it. The US was by far the biggest adopter of IPv6 with some 100 Million users, but India has surpassed the US with over 150 M IPv6 users, followed by Germany, Japan and China with some 20 + M users. Worldwide IPv6 deployment has passed the 20 % Google usage bar doubling every 12 months.
If this trend continues, we should achieve 50% by 2020 which would be the inflection point when the full roll-out of IPv6 becomes a strategic plumbing decision of the networks, a topic that is avoided so far due to many strategic and resources issues (lack of top management decision-making, lack of v6 skilled engineers and v6 deployment best practices, very limited ISP v6 access deployment, ..). The deployment of Carrier-grade NAT is in full swing making networking and user experience more brittle.
IPv6 will kick in big time for IoT to take it to the next level which is “Things-to-Things” beyond the current network of things under the non-IP IoT umbrella as Kevin Ashton coined the term IoT for RFID back in 1990 before even RFID suported the IP stack and still today don’t. This is another technology myth or fake news.
IoT will suffer immensely under lack of built-in security which together cybersecurity issues are like always brushed over at this stage due mainly to lack of IPv6 security skills. New topics are more on the lime light such as Cloud Computing, SDN, NFV, 5G with no attention to the issues dragged by IPv4. These fields are taking IP networking for granted designing them on IPv4/NAT building non-scalable and non-end to end solutions. The IPv6 Forum is driving new initiatives to garner support and create awareness on the impact of IPv6 on topics such as real IoT, open Cloud Computing, openstack based SDN-NFV and IPv6 only 5G.
Dr. Ingrid Mulder
Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
Design as a catalyst for Smart Sustainable Cities
We are living in ‘transitional times’. Our society is increasingly digitalized and transforming into a participatory, collaborative, and circular economy. The blend of the digital and physical worlds is changing our society fundamentally, and opens up opportunities towards a more connected world. Interestingly, smart cities do envisage this transforming society as well, but albeit from one voice.
Deploying Internet of Things technologies in order to increase efficiency of public services such as public transportation, traffic management, or energy management does not necessarily lead to an improved experience of city life and increased well- being of citizens. Unfortunately, current smart city practices largely remain on a visionary level; they relate to technology push and commercial lock-in of the industry, and oftentimes lack to address the human scale. The bottom-line is simple: Can our envisioned future be a sociable smart and sustainable society?
In this keynote, I take the premise that top-down deployment of smart city platforms will fail without a thorough understanding of the social fabric of the city. I will consider alternative human-centered and humanity-centered approaches and will elaborate on the transformative role of design as a catalyzer to empower people and driving change towards a smart and sustainable society.
Ir. Robert Bierwolf
VP Conferences IEEE TEMS , Netherlands
Managing Change and Business Transformations in the era of Internet of Things
Technology, innovation and managing change are the themes that have lead the past 30 years throughout Robert’s career, aligned with the Field of Interest of the IEEE Technology & Engineering Management Society.
Robert will speak about “Managing Change and Business Transformations in the era of Internet of Things” as this digital innovation effects organizations, also in their efforts to deal herewith in the so-called ambidextrous organization, where today’s organization deals with a typical focus on efficiency, but where new ways have to be explored too.